DRUGS USED IN TOXICOLOGY

 

Drugs used for decontamination

Hydrogen peroxide

Syrup of Ipecac

Apomorphine (in dogs only)

Xylazine (Rompun ®)

Activated charcoal (Toxiban ®)

Cathartics (Sorbitol, Magnesium sulfate, Sodium sulfate)

Drugs used to control tremors or seizures

Diazepam (Valium ®)

Barbituates (Pentobarbital/ Phenobarbital)

Methocarbamol (Robaxin ®)
Inhalant anesthetics

Miscellaneous Drugs

Yohimbine hydrochloride

Pyridoxine

Flumazenil (Romazicon®)

N-acetylcysteine (Mucomyst ®)

Naloxone (Narcan®)

Digibind ®

Propranolol (Inderal ®)

Metoprolol (Lopressor®)

Atropine

2-PAM, pralidoxime chloride (Protopam®)

Phenothiazines (Chlorpromazine/Acepromazine)

Methylene blue

Vitamin K1

4 MP, fomepizole (Antizole-Vet ®)

Ethanol

Pamidronate

Calcitonin

Sodium Bicarbonate

Cholestyramine

Gastrointestinal protectants (misoprostol, carafate, H2 blockers)

Physostigmine

Vitamin C

Calcium gluconate

Furosemide

Ammonium Chloride

 

Chelators

Succimer (Chemet ®) Lead, Arsenic, Mercury

Deferoxamine mesylate (Desferal ®) Iron

Calcium EDTA Lead

D- penicillamine Mercury and Lead

BAL in Oil ® (British Anti-Lewisite or dimercaprol) Lead, Arsenic, Mercury

 

*** The information above is a partial list of drugs used in veterinary toxicology. Please note this list is not all-inclusive.

 

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Jill A. Richardson, DVM

Veterinary Poison Information Specialist

ASPCA National Animal Poison Control Center