DECONTAMINATION Do's and Don'ts

 

Don't

Bathe a seizuring animal. ( Always stabilize the animal first.)

Use salt as an emetic agent.

Induce emesis in a seizuring, extremely stimulated, or hyperactive animal.

Induce emesis in a vomiting animal.

Induce emesis in a severely lethargic, comatose, or debilitated patient.

Induce emesis in an animal that has had recent abdominal surgery.

Induce emesis in an animal that has a megaesophagus.

Induce vomiting with a corrosive ingestion.

Induce vomiting with hydrocarbon/ petroleum distillate ingestion.(In most cases)

Induce vomiting on a bird, rabbit, rat, horse or ruminant.

Use apomorphine as an emetic agent in the cat. (This is controversial.)

Administer xylazine or apomorphine as an emetic in a depressed animal.

Administer activated charcoal for most heavy metals, corrosives, or petroleum

distillates.

Administer activated charcoal to a vomiting animal.

Administer activated charcoal to an animal in ileus or a gastric obstruction.

Administer a cathartic to a dehydrated animal or one with diarrhea.

Use a magnesium sulfate cathartic in a renal compromised animal.

Use pre-mixed enema solutions such as hypertonic phosphate solutions.

Perform a gastric lavage without using a cuffed endotracheal tube.

Do

Treat the patient not the poison.

Stabilize the animal before attempting decontamination procedures.

Get complete history of the animal and the exposure data.

Keep the ASPCA NAPCC phone number handy in your clinic. 1-888-4ani-help